Girlschool是一支成立于1978年的英国重金属浪潮中的英国摇滚乐队。该乐队经常与当代Motörhead乐队合作，是历史最悠久的全女性摇滚乐队，至今已有40多年的历史了。由学校乐队Painted Lady组成，Girlschool在1980年代初期在英国获得了广泛的媒体曝光，并在商业上取得了成功，并发行了三张“ 朋克金属” 专辑和几张单曲，但在接下来的几年中势头不是很好。
在1990年代和2000年代，Girlschool专注于演出和巡回演出，并没有录制几张唱片。在他们的职业生涯中，他们环游世界，参加了许多摇滚和金属音乐节，并与重要的硬摇滚和重金属乐队一起成为头条新闻。他们在世界范围内保持着狂热的追随者，并为许多女性摇滚音乐家带来了灵感。尽管阵容频繁变化，但仍然活着的所有原始成员-Kim McAuliffe，Enid Williams和Denise Dufort-一直待在乐队中，直到2019年Willams辞职。最初的首席吉他手和歌手凯利·约翰逊（Kelly Johnson）于2007年因癌症去世。
左轮手枪杂志编辑克里斯托弗·斯卡佩利蒂（Christopher Scapelliti）恰当地描述了Girlschool的音乐是“朋克金属混音，但罂粟足以广播”。经典的硬摇滚和重金属的影响存在于所有原始乐队成员的音乐背景中 ，并且在凯利·约翰逊干净有时甚至是蓝调的独奏吉他作品中尤为明显。齐柏林飞艇（ Led Zeppelin），黑安息日（ Black Sabbath），大卫·鲍伊（ David Bowie），雷克斯（ T. Rex），苏兹·夸特罗（ Suzi Quatro ）等艺术家都对Girlschool成员产生了影响。
朋克摇滚曾在诞生有直接影响新浪潮和英国重金属新浪潮和音乐仍然是受欢迎的成立乐队时。此外，在加入Girlschool之前，Denise Dufort和Gil Weston都曾在朋克乐队中演出。 “我们既太重要新浪潮，太朋克是一个重金属带”，麦考利夫解释的Robbi米勒声音在1980年Vic Maile所发行的前两张专辑的原始录音和几乎是现场录音的声音，完美地代表了1979年至1982年乐队的核心音乐，这对Girlschool来说是最成功的。金属和朋克的结合是声音的很大一部分，这也促使Motörhead在80年代初在英国声名狼藉并获得成功。这种声音，与Lemmy乐队一起进行的巡回演出和录音，女孩的牛仔布和皮革外观，以及他们粗暴和酒后下台行为的影响，很快就使Girlschool成为“Motörhead姐妹”的代名词。通常被识别为直到Motörhead在2015年底解散。在Girlschool事业初期，他们与Motörhead的紧密联系帮助他们取得了早期的成功。
吸引主流观众的压力越来越大，随着NWOBHM现象的减少，英国摇滚乐迷的口味迅速改变，并有机会在美国市场取得突破，这促使Girlschool从专辑Screaming Blue开始改变音乐。1982年谋杀。在Def Leppard的专辑《Pyromania》获得成功后，在Play Dirty上引入了键盘后，音色变得更加优美，并转向坚硬的岩石和华丽的金属，失去了早期作品的原始边缘。 。“我们签署了一个美国标签（…）有作用于我们的声音更美了一定的压力”是麦考利夫的解释，在谈到这张专辑的驯声音野兽。乐队的外观也改变为更女性化和精致的风格，模仿了当时成功的美国华丽金属乐队，并且通常遵循市场发展方向。但是，在美国为Girlschool创建小众市场的失败尝试和迅速变化的唱片市场行为使乐队改变了主意，回到了原来的声音直到今天。Girlschool的成员本人以不同的方式来描述他们的音乐，例如“闹剧摇滚” 以“喧闹（…）重金属摇滚‘N’滚”， ，甚至承认他们在NWOBHM音乐的共同起源，他们有时发现很难他们的歌曲联想到摇滚音乐的单一流派或子流派。
就像大多数的朋克歌曲，吉尔舍尔的歌词通常有短期和直接的文字，往往反映了野岩摇滚乐的生活方式和治疗性和浪漫为从一个女性的角度看到的，使用的反向性别歧视和舌IN-面颊的幽默感。]尽管他们的许多歌曲都围绕这些主题展开，但乐队成员本人从未诉诸过性感吸引人的：头：正如Creem在1982年赞赏地指出的那样，“ Girlschool不会拉皮条”。他们的某些歌曲还涉及更严重的事情，例如对妇女的剥削和虐待， 谋杀，成瘾，破坏环境，社会和政治问题。
Girlschool are a British rock band that formed in the new wave of British heavy metal scene in 1978. Frequently associated with contemporaries Motörhead, they are the longest-running all-female rock band, still active after more than 40 years. Formed from a school band called Painted Lady, Girlschool enjoyed strong media exposure and commercial success in the UK in the early 1980s with three albums of ‘punk-tinged metal’ and a few singles, but lost their momentum in the following years.
In the 1990s and 2000s, Girlschool focused on shows and tours and made few studio albums. During their career they travelled the world, playing in many rock and metal festivals and co-headlining with or supporting important hard rock and heavy metal bands. They maintain a worldwide cult following, and are an inspiration for many female rock musicians.Despite frequent changes of line-up, all original members who are still alive—Kim McAuliffe, Enid Williams and Denise Dufort—have been in the band until 2019, when Willams quit. Original lead guitarist and singer Kelly Johnson died of cancer in 2007.
Revolver magazine editor Christopher Scapelliti aptly described Girlschool’s music as a “punk-metal mix tough, but poppy enough for radio”. The influences of classic hard rock and heavy metal are present in the musical background of all the original band members and they are particularly evident in the clean and sometimes bluesy solo guitar work of Kelly Johnson. Artists like Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, David Bowie, T. Rex, Suzi Quatro have been influential on the Girlschool members.
Punk rock had a direct influence in the birth of new wave and new wave of British heavy metal and that music was still popular when the band was formed. Moreover, both Denise Dufort and Gil Weston had played in punk bands before joining Girlschool. “We’re both too heavy to be New Wave and too punk to be a heavy metal band”, McAuliffe explained to Robbi Millar of Sounds in 1980. The raw and almost live recording sound of their first two Vic Maile produced albums represents perfectly the core music of the band in the years from 1979 to 1982, which were the most successful for Girlschool. The combination of metal and punk was a large part of the sound which also propelled Motörhead to notoriety and chart success in the early 80s in the United Kingdom. This sound, the tours and recordings made together with Lemmy’s band, the girls’ denim and leather look, as much as their rowdy and alcohol driven off-stage behaviour soon gained Girlschool the moniker of ‘sisters of Motörhead’, which they were often identified with until Motörhead became defunct at the end of 2015. Their close association with Motörhead at the beginning of Girlschool’s career helped achieve their early success.
The mounting pressure to appeal to a mainstream audience, the quick change of tastes in British rock fans with the decline of the NWOBHM phenomenon and the chance to have a breakthrough in the US market prompted Girlschool to change their music, starting with the album Screaming Blue Murder in 1982. Their sound, following the success of Def Leppard’s album Pyromania, became more polished with the introduction of keyboards on Play Dirty and veered toward hard rock and glam metal, losing the raw edge of their early works. “We were signed to an American label (…) there was a certain amount of pressure exerted on us to sound more American” was McAuliffe’s explanation, speaking about the tame sound of the album Running Wild. The band appearance also changed to a more feminine and sophisticated style, imitating the successful American glam metal bands of the time and generally following the direction of the market. However, the failed attempt to create a niche for Girlschool in the US and the rapidly changing record market behaviour made the band change their mind and go back to their original sound, which they retain to this day. Girlschool’s members themselves described their music in different ways, from “slapstick rock” to “raucous (…) heavy metal rock ‘n’ roll”, and, even acknowledging the common origin of their music in the NWOBHM, they sometimes found it difficult to associate their songs to a single genre or subgenre of rock music.]
Just like most punk songs, Girlschool’s lyrics usually have short and direct texts, often reflecting the wild rock ‘n’ roll lifestyle and treating sex and romance as seen from a feminine point of view, with the use of reverse sexism and tongue-in-cheek sense of humour. Although many of their songs revolve around these topics, the band members themselves never resorted to sex appeal gimmickry: as Creem noted appreciatively in 1982, “Girlschool doesn’t pimp their gender”. Some of their songs deal also with more serious matters, such as exploitation and abuse of women, murder, addiction, the destruction of the environment, social and political issues.
1981_Hit And Run
1982_Live And More
1982_Screaming Blue Murder
1986_Nightmare At Maple Cross
1986_Race With The Devil (4CD)
1988_Take A Bite
1995_The Collection (2CD)
2002_21th Anniversary – Not That Innocent
2007_The Singles (2CD)
2011_Hit And Run Revisited
2015_Guilty As Sin