巴西激流金:Sepultura《19CD》1986-2020/FLAC/BD

Sepultura(葡萄牙语: [ˌsepuɫˈtuɾɐ],“ grave”)是来自Belo Horizo​​nte的巴西重金属乐队。该乐队由马克斯(Max)和伊戈尔·卡瓦雷拉(Igor Cavalera)兄弟于1984年成立,该乐队是1980年代末期和1990年代初类型的沟纹金属,rash击金属和死亡金属类型的主要力量,及其后来的实验产生了影响来自替代金属,世界音乐,新金属,铁杆朋克和工业金属。从1980年代后期到1990年代中期到1990年代中期,Sepultura也被认为是第二波重击金属浪潮之一,还有Pantera,Testament,Sacred Reich,Dark Angel,Vio-伦斯,禁忌,死亡天使和机器头。

乐队在整个生存过程中经历了几次阵容变更,Max和Igor Cavalera分别于1996年和2006年离开。Sepultura目前的阵容包括歌手Derrick Green,吉他手Andreas Kisser,贝斯手Paulo Jr.和鼓手Eloy Casagrande。自2006年Igor Cavalera离开后,乐队中就再也没有原始成员了。小保罗(Paulo Jr.)自1985年以来一直是Sepultura的成员,是每次发行时出现的唯一成员。接任曾经的吉他手Jairo Guedz的Kisser在第二张全长精神分裂症中与Sepultura首次合作录制(1987);他和小保罗(Paulo Jr.)是乐队其余工作室专辑中仅有的成员。

Sepultura迄今已发行了15张录音室专辑,最新一张是Quadra(2020)。他们最成功的唱片是《遗迹之下》(1989),《崛起》(1991),《混沌》(1993)和《根》(1996)。 Sepultura在美国销售了超过300万套,在世界范围内售出了近2000万套,在全球,包括法国等国家,获得了多个金和铂的记录,澳大利亚,印度尼西亚,美国,塞浦路斯和他们的祖国巴西。

音乐风格,影响和传承

Sepultura的早期影响力包括重金属和坚硬的岩石群,例如Kiss,Black Sabbath,Judas Priest,Motörhead,Iron Maiden,Venom,Celtic Frost,Twisted Sister和Whitesnake,以及诸如Metallica,Slayer,Exodus,Testament,炭疽,KREATOR,所多玛和毁灭和死亡金属乐队群魔和死亡。他们还受到朋克摇滚音乐的影响,包括诸如拉蒙斯(Ramones),性手枪,黑旗(Black Flag),Dead Kennedys,Discharge,SOD,Amebix和新模式军等乐队。安德烈亚斯·基瑟(Andreas Kisser)断言“没有Slayer,Sepultura永远不可能”。

Sepultura的音乐具有多种重金属音乐风格。该乐队主要被描述为th击金属和死亡金属。乐队通常被归类为另一种类型的金属是凹槽金属。乐队随后开始尝试其他音乐流派的元素,例如铁杆朋克,工业金属,替代金属,世界音乐和nu metal。

回顾乐队的职业生涯,在2016年Max和Igor Cavalera的回顾展《重返根源》巡回演唱(纪念专辑成立20周年)上,纳什维尔现场撰稿人Saby Reyes-Kulkarni观察到:“在混沌AD之前,绝大多数金属Sepultura永远改变了这一点,在Roots乐队的带领下,乐队进一步前进,一劳永逸地断言,这种流派可以适应任何文化的本土风格,就像爵士乐在几十年前所做的那样。 ”

MTV将Sepultura称为历史上最成功的巴西重金属乐队,“也许是90年代最重要的重金属乐队”。1993年,凤凰城新时报的罗伯特·贝尔德(Robert Baird)写道,乐队演奏“机枪节奏的混乱”,成员们“热爱攻击有组织的宗教和镇压性政府”。

许多乐队都以Sepultura为代表,包括活结,康恩,Hatebreed,外星武器,Krisiun,Gojira,在埋葬与我之间,Xibalba,静脉,有毒大屠杀,Code Orange,Puya和Nails。

Sepultura (Portuguese: [ˌsepuɫˈtuɾɐ], “grave”) is a Brazilian heavy metal band from Belo Horizonte. Formed in 1984 by brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, the band was a major force in the groove metal, thrash metal and death metal genres during the late 1980s and early 1990s, with their later experiments drawing influence from alternative metal, world music, nu metal, hardcore punk, and industrial metal. Sepultura has also been credited as one of the second wave of thrash metal acts from the late 1980s to early-to-mid-1990s, along with bands like Pantera, Testament, Sacred Reich, Dark Angel, Vio-lence, Forbidden, Death Angel and Machine Head.

The band has had several lineup changes throughout its existence, with Max and Igor Cavalera departing in 1996 and 2006, respectively. Sepultura’s current lineup consists of vocalist Derrick Green, guitarist Andreas Kisser, bassist Paulo Jr. and drummer Eloy Casagrande. Since Igor Cavalera’s departure in 2006, there have been no original members left in the band. Paulo Jr., who has been a member of Sepultura since 1985, is the only member to appear on every release. Kisser, who replaced onetime guitarist Jairo Guedz, debuted on record with Sepultura on their second full-length Schizophrenia (1987); he and Paulo Jr. are the only members to appear on the rest of the band’s studio albums.

Sepultura has released fifteen studio albums to date, the latest being Quadra (2020). Their most successful records are Beneath the Remains (1989), Arise (1991), Chaos A.D. (1993) and Roots (1996). Sepultura has sold over three million units in the United States and almost 20 million worldwide, gaining multiple gold and platinum records around the globe, including in countries as diverse as France, Australia, Indonesia, United States, Cyprus and their native Brazil.

Musical style, influences, and legacy

Sepultura’s early influences were heavy metal and hard rock groups such as Kiss, Black Sabbath, Judas Priest, Motörhead, Iron Maiden, Venom, Celtic Frost, Twisted Sister and Whitesnake, as well as thrash metal bands like Metallica, Slayer, Exodus, Testament, Anthrax, Kreator, Sodom and Destruction and death metal bands Possessed and Death. They were also influenced by punk rock music, including bands such as the Ramones, the Sex Pistols, Black Flag, Dead Kennedys, Discharge, S.O.D., Amebix and New Model Army. Andreas Kisser has affirmed that “without Slayer, Sepultura would never be possible”.

Sepultura’s music comes in a wide range of heavy metal musical styles. The band has been described mainly as thrash metal and death metal. Another genre the band has been commonly categorized under is groove metal. The band later on started experimenting elements of other musical genres such as hardcore punk, industrial metal, alternative metal, world music and nu metal.

Looking back on the band’s career arc for a 2016 article on Max and Igor Cavalera’s retrospective Return to Roots tour (in commemoration of the album’s 20th anniversary), Nashville Scene contributor Saby Reyes-Kulkarni observed that “Before Chaos A.D., the overwhelming majority of metal had a ‘white’ feel to it. Sepultura changed that forever. And with Roots, the band went a step further, asserting once and for all that the genre can accommodate native stylings from any culture, much like jazz had done for decades prior.”

MTV has called Sepultura the most successful Brazilian heavy metal band in history and “perhaps the most important heavy metal band of the ’90s”. In 1993, Robert Baird of Phoenix New Times wrote that the band played “machine-gun-tempo mayhem” and that the members “love to attack organized religion and repressive government”.

A number of bands have cited Sepultura as an influence, including Slipknot, Korn, Hatebreed, Alien Weaponry, Krisiun, Gojira, Between the Buried and Me, Xibalba, Vein, Toxic Holocaust, Code Orange, Puya and Nails.

专辑列表:
1986 – Morbid Visions [2010, Brazil]
1987 – Schizophrenia [2009, Russia]
1989 – Beneath The Remains [1997, USA]
1991 – Arise [1997, USA]
1993 – Chaos A.D [1996, USA]
1996 – Roots [2005, 2CD, USA]
1998 – Against [Japan]
2001 – Nation [Japan]
2003 – Roorback [2CD, Germany]]
2006 – Dante XXI [Japan]
2009 – A-Lex [Germany]
2011 – Kairos [Germany]
2013 – The Mediator Between Head and Hands Must Be the Heart [Germany]
2017 – Machine Messiah [Japan]
2020 – Quadra [3CD, Japan]

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