Opeth是来自斯德哥尔摩的瑞典进步金属乐队，成立于1989年。该小组经历了几次人员变动，包括更换了每个原始成员。自1992年原歌手David Isberg离开以来，首席歌手，吉他手和词曲作者MikaelÅkerfeldt一直是Opeth的主要推动力。Opeth始终将进步，民间，布鲁斯，古典和爵士的影响融入其通常冗长的音乐作品中，死亡金属的影响，尤其是在他们的早期作品中。许多歌曲包括民谣吉他段落和强烈的动态变化，以及恶魔的声音特征。Opeth还因将Mellotrons纳入其工作而闻名。Opeth很少有现场演出来支持他们的前四张专辑，但是自从2001年Blackwater Park发行之后进行第一次世界巡回演唱以来，他们已经带领了几次重要的世界巡回演唱会。
Opeth已发行了13张录音室专辑，四张现场DVD，四张现场专辑（三张与DVD结合使用）和两套盒装唱片。乐队于1995年发行了首张专辑Orchid。尽管他们的第八张录音室专辑《Ghost Reveries》在美国颇受欢迎，但是直到2008年发行第九张录音室专辑《Watershed》（在当时达到顶峰）后，Opeth才在美国取得商业上的成功。在Billboard 200上排名第23位，并且在发行的第一周就位居芬兰专辑榜榜首。截至2009年11月，Opeth已在全球售出超过150万张专辑和DVD，包括其专辑的300,000集体SoundScans美国的黑水公园（ Blackwater Park），诅咒与拯救。
作为Opeth的主要词曲作者和作词家，歌手/吉他手MikaelÅkerfeldt领导了Opeth声音的发展方向。他由20世纪70年代在年轻时影响前卫摇滚乐乐队King Crimson的，是的，创世纪，骆驼，PFM，鹰风和高尚的，和重金属乐队如铁娘子，杀手，死亡，黑色安息日，深紫色，凯尔特霜冻，国王钻石，病态天使，Voivod，最重要的是，Judas Priest。Åkerfeldt认为Judas Priest的《命运的悲伤之翼》（Sad Wings of Destiny（1976））是有史以来最出色的金属专辑，并指出有一段时间他只听Judas Priest的音乐。在Opeth演唱会前热身的时候，Åkerfeldt经常演唱犹大牧师的第三张专辑Sin After Sin（1977）中的“ Here Come the Tears” 。Åkerfeldt后来发现了渐进的摇滚和民间音乐，两者对乐队的声音都产生了深远的影响。
Opeth独特的声音将死亡金属与渐进的摇滚混合在一起。AllMusic的Steve Huey提到了Opeth的“史诗级，渐进式死亡金属风格”。布拉伯茅斯的赖安·奥格尔（Ryan Ogle）将欧佩斯的声音描述为“将民间，放克，布鲁斯，70年代的摇滚，哥特和其他声音怪异的洗礼之类的音乐融入其渐进式死亡风格”。在他对Opeth 2001年专辑“ Blackwater Park”的评论中，AllMusic的爱德华多·里瓦达维亚（Eduardo Rivadavia）写道：“曲目以看似随意的方式开始和结束，通常遍历丰富的音乐地形，包括民谣吉他和独奏钢琴演奏，环境音景，石匠摇滚风和东方色调的旋律-其中任何一个都易于理解在任何给定的时刻都会出现死亡金属的愤怒。” Åkerfeldt评论了Opeth音乐的多样性：
在声音上，Åkerfeldt在传统的死亡金属人声中切换较重，在干净的，有时是耳语或轻声的人声之间切换。虽然他的死亡咆哮声在早期发行中占主导地位，但后来的努力却融合了更多清晰的人声，《诅咒》，《Heritage》，《苍白的圣餐》，《女巫》和《In Cauda Venenum》只表现出清晰的歌声。里瓦达维亚（Rivadavia）指出，“Åkerfeldt的人声从排肠的咕gr声到令人陶醉的美丽旋律，这取决于每个运动部分的情绪。”
Opeth is a Swedish progressive metal band from Stockholm, formed in 1989. The group has been through several personnel changes, including the replacement of every single original member. Lead vocalist, guitarist and songwriter Mikael Åkerfeldt has remained Opeth’s primary driving force since the departure of original vocalist David Isberg in 1992. Opeth has consistently incorporated progressive, folk, blues, classical, and jazz influences into its usually lengthy compositions, as well as strong influences from death metal, especially in their early works. Many songs include acoustic guitar passages and strong dynamic shifts, as well as demonic vocal characterization. Opeth is also well known for their incorporation of Mellotrons in their work. Opeth rarely made live appearances supporting their first four albums, but since conducting their first world tour after the 2001 release of Blackwater Park, they have led several major world tours.
Opeth has released 13 studio albums, four live DVDs, four live albums (three that are in conjunction with DVDs), and two boxsets. The band released its debut album Orchid in 1995. Although their eighth studio album, Ghost Reveries, was quite popular in the United States, Opeth did not experience major American commercial success until the 2008 release of their ninth studio album, Watershed, which peaked at No. 23 on the Billboard 200, and topped the Finnish albums chart in its first week of release. As of November 2009, Opeth has sold over 1.5 million copies of their albums and DVDs worldwide, including 300,000 collective SoundScans of their albums Blackwater Park, Damnation, and Deliverance in the United States.
Musical style and influences
As Opeth’s primary songwriter and lyricist, vocalist/guitarist Mikael Åkerfeldt heads the direction of Opeth’s sound. He was influenced at a young age by the 1970s progressive rock bands King Crimson, Yes, Genesis, Camel, P.F.M., Hawkwind, and Gracious, and by heavy metal bands such as Iron Maiden, Slayer, Death, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Celtic Frost, King Diamond, Morbid Angel, Voivod, and, most importantly, Judas Priest. Åkerfeldt considers Judas Priest’s Sad Wings of Destiny (1976) the best metal album of all time, and notes that there was a time when he listened only to Judas Priest. While warming up before Opeth concerts, Åkerfeldt frequently sings “Here Come the Tears” from Judas Priest’s third album Sin After Sin (1977). Åkerfeldt later discovered progressive rock and folk music, both of which had a profound impact on the sound of the band.
Opeth’s distinct sound mixes death metal with progressive rock. Steve Huey of AllMusic refers to Opeth’s “epic, progressive death metal style”. Ryan Ogle of Blabbermouth described Opeth’s sound as incorporating “the likes of folk, funk, blues, ’70s rock, goth and a laundry list of other sonic oddities into their trademark progressive death style.” In his review of Opeth’s 2001 album Blackwater Park, AllMusic’s Eduardo Rivadavia wrote, “Tracks start and finish in seemingly arbitrary fashion, usually traversing ample musical terrain, including acoustic guitar and solo piano passages, ambient soundscapes, stoner rock grooves, and Eastern-tinged melodies—any of which are subject to savage punctuations of death metal fury at any given moment.” Åkerfeldt commented on the diversity of Opeth’s music:
I don’t see the point of playing in a band and going just one way when you can do everything. It would be impossible for us to play just death metal; that is our roots, but we are now a mishmash of everything, and not purists to any form of music. It’s impossible for us to do that, and quite frankly I would think of it as boring to be in a band that plays just metal music. We’re not afraid to experiment, or to be caught with our pants down, so to speak. That’s what keeps us going.
More recently, Opeth have abandoned their death metal sound resulting in a mellower progressive rock sound. When talking about Heritage, guitarist Fredrik Åkesson stated:
In the beginning it took me a little while to get used to the new idea of the sound, not having any screaming vocals and stuff like that. But I think the album was necessary for us to do. Maybe the band wouldn’t have continued if we hadn’t done Heritage. I think the old Opeth fans understand this album. There’s always going to be some haters, but you can’t be loved by everyone. Opeth has always been about not repeating ourself. A lot of people don’t think Heritage is metal but I think it’s metal to go somewhere people don’t expect. It doesn’t mean we’re not embracing the past sound of Opeth.
Vocally, Åkerfeldt shifts between traditional death metal vocals for heavy sections, and clean, sometimes whispered or soft-spoken vocals over mellower passages. While his death growls were dominant on early releases, later efforts incorporate more clean vocals, with Damnation, Heritage, Pale Communion, Sorceress and In Cauda Venenum featuring only clean singing. Rivadavia noted that “Åkerfeldt’s vocals run the gamut from bowel-churning grunts to melodies of chilling beauty—depending on each movement section’s mood.”
1995 – Orchid [2008, Japan]
1996 – Morningrise [2006, Taiwan]
1998 – My Arms, Your Hearse [2008, Japan]
1999 – Still Life [2008, China]
2001 – Blackwater Park [2010, Austria, Legacy Edition]
2002 – Deliverance [US]
2003 – Damnation [2006, Poland]
2005 – Ghost Reveries [2006, US, Limited Edition]
2008 – Watershed [Japan]
2011 – Heritage [Special Edition]
2014 – Pale Communion [Japan]
2016 – Sorceress [Germany, 2CD]
2019 – In Cauda Venenum (2CD)
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